Colonization in 21st Century#Peru&Community based projects

#Part 1

Last winter semester for me was  totally a radical experience  .  I was in Cusco ,Peru   for almost 4 months in different socially responsible projects . These has improved my Spanish skills and global citizenship skills .  Being an Asian , the experience I had in Latin America was totally different .   However I was able to immerse into their culture through their hospitality ,love and compassion.

My key learning was about the cycle of colonization in Peru  . In ancient days Peru was ruled and administered by Inca empire  . We still can see the ruins of the Incan  culture in Peru . In 18th Century , country was flourishing in all dimensions  . However seeing the natural resources of Peru  ,Spanish started their colonization in Peru in terms of Christian missions . Spanish has done all crooked ways to get dominance over Incans . While I was in Cusco , I realized all the current church was once the palace of Incans . However there was enough wars and fights during this time period .  Through this colonization ,Spanish has taken all the raw materials and natural resources to their country .The major natural resource was the wool of Alpaca . In 1824 , after series of battles , Incan has got independence from Spanish . By that time , Spanish language  was very common in Peru instead of Quechua.  After this decolonization country was more independent ,but due to lack of good leaders and vision country was not progressing .Even though they had natural resources ,They were not aware how to use in global market .

In 20th Century , colonization was slowly coming back in Peru through globalization and industrialization instead of church mission .    The major players in this game of colonization was MNCs  ,World Bank,IMF and other financial and charity organizations.They came offering financial aids and white color jobs .  The ultimate agenda of this was to gain dominance of Peru market and get the natural resources in a modern  strategical ways instead of wars and battles .Through  this MNCs  has created lot of sweatshops in Peru which runs at cheap labor costs and most unethical ways    .This had very adverse effect in traditional and local communities. Traditional market and products has been taken over globalized products . For Example  , A baby Alpaca sweater which is authentic and handmaid  by local communities may cost around 400soles (120USD)  .On the flip side we can get globalized mechanized sweaters which is made up of plastic and synthetic around 40 Soles (12USD) which is not all eco friendly  and can cause lot of natural  problems  such as pollution and physical effects .   Most of the people  seeing the cheaper rate prefer globalized plastic sweaters compared to Alpaca sweaters which adversely affect the sustainability of the earth . It will also directly impact the traditional markets and local communities which forces them to change their culture ,professions  and also even forced migrations for Income generations .

In the last 10 years ,Peru has slowly changed from their tradition and culture to western and capitalist style . Now  we can see branch of KFC ,Mc Donald, Starbucks , North Face  , Adidas ,etc …. in Peru ,which are main products of globalization which can kill authentic Peru market .

In conclusion ,globalization is the  new way of colonization in a systematic and organized way . In my view , we cant stop globalization but we should also consider strategic ways to improve local and domestic markets which can empower ground level communities .

 

#Part 2

I was working on 3 different socially responsible  and innovative  projects in Peru which was totally challenging for me .

 

Project 1#  Community  Economic Development # Fair Trade

This  was basically designing a new project which is executed by  local communities based on their assets which will create income generation in the community . Since the community was expert in knitting in Alpaca wool , I have done series analysis and try to contact different Fair Trade organizations which can support the community to compete with MNC Products .

 

Project 2# Community based tourism .# Fathom# Carnival Tourism# Travel Deep

Cusco ,Peru is the best place in the world ,I have ever visited .  According to UNWTO(United Nations World Trade Organization)  in 2017, 3,835 000  foreigners has visited Peru which makes Peru 4th Mostly visited South American country after Brazil,Argentina and Chile  . The Impact of tourism to the community is very significant .

However there is problem underneath . The main capital flow is happening in only to gigantic tourist companies  and big hotels . Even from the airport pick up  to drop off;these companies are operating which is readily available in online . This may create some jobs and income to small portion of population . But local communities may not have much impact. To tackle this , I have designed community based tourism in collaboration with  Carnival tourism which welcomes tourist to the local communities and spending time in micro level projects . This  can increase cash flow to local communities  and empower them to fight against global giants.

 

 

Project 3# Social marketing and fund raising.

This was based on the orphanage which I was working with in Cusco . I have created online funding page through Go Fund me application which has been spread over different networks for collecting donations and gifts for the orphans .  Through digital marketing and boosting , I was able spread the news among different stakeholders .  The amount collected was used for buying books and stationary products for the orphans which can eventually reduce their poverty burden.

 

 

 

 

You can contact me anytime regarding Peru !

Jofin T Lorance

jyjofintlorance@gmail.com

TWELVE THINGS ON LIVING RURAL IN COSTA RICA

TWELVE THINGS ON LIVING RURAL IN COSTA RICA

This is my compilation of the small (and the grandest) things on living rural in Costa Rica.

By Sherry Ing, currently in Costa Rica

1. Oh the joy of having rain! Agua, agua!  My family household is without water again.  This happens 3-5 x a week.  The longest we went without running water is seven days,  So, thats when the rain barrel towel comes in handy.  Conserving water usage as much as possible and relying on rain water is very important here.

2. Doctor, doctor!  They are a 1 -2 hour drive away from Llano Bonito.  My homestay family drove me to three cities to find me a doctor that was in.  From San Pablo to San Marcos and finally last pitstop in Cartago where I was able to see a doctor.

3. Cover your nose and mouth, because they burn their garbage here.

4. Cold showers everyday, all day.  There are some homes with a built in electrical water heater.

5. Time for relaxation and slow your usual pace down.  Great time to read a book, hone a craft, discover your inner creativity, and spend time with family.

6.  Bring out your binoculars and magnifying glass!  You will find a camouflage lizard, baby snakes, unusual birds, and many insects of all sizes in this part of Costa Rica.  And your usual soaring eagle between hills.

7. Vroom vroom!  AV’s, motorcycle, and race cars are ways of travel in Llano Bonito.

8. Household laundries are hung outside, on trees, bushes, gates, etc.  On hot sunny days laundry dries within 1-2 hours.

9.  Books nowhere, not a library in sight.  I haven’t seen many books in the school that I work at either.

10.  Food waste can be composted right in the field of banana trees and coffee plants.

11.  Buy your grocery elsewhere because food price are high.  Some household goes to the city to buy their months worth of groceries, such as rice and beans.  The price difference is big.

12.  The bus system is scarce and infrequent.  The bus comes about two times a day at two specific times.

¡Exactamente!

Sherry Ing International Internship Llano Bonito Costa Rica Electricity Project
Beyond the mountains lays the electricity power project below in Llano Bonito, Costa Rica, the future of electricity power for the community. <<<<<Más allá de las montañas establece el proyecto de electricidad a continuación en Llano Bonito , Costa Rica, el futuro de la energía eléctrica para la comunidad.<<<<<

¡Exactamente!

I had a days in at Proal the day after my arrival. I had the chance to observe the ladies at Proal provide a bio-energy assessment.  Bio-energy assessment that the ladies at Proal utilized originated in Japan. They use a copper rod to assess the body starting from the head and moving inferiorly. Herbal medicine are used during this assessment as well. I am learning more and more about this throughout my time at Proal.

At the end of my first day at Proal in Llano Bonito, Costa Rica, I had the chance to do an active, passive, and resisted range of motion on a forearm.  I was able to eliminate the possible cause produce the pain and what muscle is affected. ¡Exactamente! exclaimed the person, as I pinpoint the area that is affected.  The extensor digitorum muscles that extends digits 1-4.  During the assessment, digit 1-3 reenacted the pain in the forearm area. What I learned from my Clinical Anatomy and Orthopaedic & Biomechanic program classes were very helpful to help me figure this out.  The days are going by quickly, and I am learning more and more of how I can utilize my learning in the Massage Therapy Program at Centennial in Proal in Llano Bonito, Costa Rica.  Having to trust myself with independent research, getting feed back from my classmate and another student in the health related program at Centennial, figuring it out and building confidence in myself is a challenge. Have you been in a situation where its up to you to figure things out?  How did you feel?  What steps did you take?

In Llano Bonito, Costa Rica,

Sherry Ing

Massage Therapy student at Centennial College

TOP OF THE MOUNTAINS

Sherry Ing GEO Internship Summer 2015 Costa Rica Top of the Mountains Sunset
At the peak of a hill in Llano Bonito, a district in Costa Rica that is known for its coffee farming, as its the main source of employment here. I am admiring the sunset among the clouds. <<<<<<<<<En la cima de una colina en Llano Bonito , un distrito en Costa Rica, que es conocida por su cultivo de café , ya que su principal fuente de empleo aquí . Estoy admirando la puesta de sol entre las nubes. <<<<<<<<<<<

TOP OF THE MOUNTAINS

Proal is a health based association that marriage the idea that nature and people are in the same circle of life. I and a fellow Centennial student are doing our internship here. On the day of arrival in San José, the Capital of Costa Rica, we landed in the Juan Santamaría International Airport. Our pick up ride was awaiting for us with a sign written with Centennial College and our names.  

We quickly exchanged our American dollars into Costa Rican Colones at a bank between the ride from San José to Llano Bonito. I soon figured that it is easier to exchange the majority of my American dollars into Colones because I will eliminate the need to calculate the exchange rate when I purchase something here. From there we headed to our homestay family and it was quite the sight through the twist and turns of the mountains among the rain. At one point the hills were so steep that we had to back track and give more gas to drive up the hills that also lead to a sharp turn.

When the rain stops, a misty cloud covers the mountains, but soon clears out and several mountains peak appears again. Would you consider living in a mountain?  Why and why not? Comment below and I look forward to hearing what you have to say. 🙂

Living in the mountainous Costa Rica,

Sherry Ing

Massage Therapy student at Centennial College